Crickets are members of the order Orthoptera, which includes grasshoppers and katydids. Crickets can be distinguished from their near relatives, the grasshoppers, by the way the wings are carried. The cricket carries its wings folded around the body, whereas the grasshopper carry its wings tent like over the body. According to Marlatt, the word “cricket” is derived from he imitative French common name “Cricri,” and is indicative of the cricket’s chirping sounds. The sounds produced by crickets are made by the males rubbing their wings together to attract the females. The sounds are also used as danger signals or merely for the cricket to indicate its presence. Individual species of crickets can be identified by each species’ distinctive chirp.
The cricket’s chirp song, by which it supposedly unceasingly declares its love, is produced by the friction of the upper wings on each other. The stridulation or vibrant sound produced by the male cricket results from the scraping of the file like undersurface of one wing over the roughened veins of the other wing. The crickets supposedly hear the vibrations caused by this stridulation through the so called “insect ears” on the fore tibiae.
The Chinese and Japanese place crickets in beautiful ornate cages so they may liven the room with their cheerful chirping. However, the crickets’ chirping is an annoyance to many homeowners and may create many sleepless nights. The Chinese place the quarrelsome males in cages to fight as gladiators.
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